Appropriate behaviors

What Is Differential Reinforcement?

Differential reinforcement is an intervention whereby behavior X receives consequence X and behavior Y receives consequence Y. Often, behavior x is the target behavior (the behavior we want to decrease) and behavior y is the appropriate behavior (the behavior we want to increase).  The behaviors we want to decrease or increase…

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How To Make Your Own Picture Communication Cards

Anyone can make picture cards. All you need is a word processing or presentation program, the Internet, and a printer. First, make a list of picture cards needed for clients/loved ones. Then, search online for images that best represent those activities or items. Cut and paste those images into a…

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Picture Card Communication for Individuals With Dementia

As dementia patients decline, their ability to communicate using words decreases. Individuals become aphasic or mute and cannot communicate basic wants. Ineffective ways of communicating leads to challenging behaviors, caregiver depression, and isolated patients. Picture or text reminders are frequently used in cognitive rehabilitation or during reminiscence activities. Pictures can be used…

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From Blog to Blog: The Importance of Age Appropriate Activities

Activity engagement is a vital part of maintaining or increasing quality of life for individuals with dementia. In fact, researchers recommend that it be part of daily routines, alongside exercise and proper nutrition. Activities can increase happiness and boost affect, while decrease agitation and boredom. All too often, I find that…

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Why Data Collection Is Important

Collecting information on the target behavior (what we want to change) is an essential part of the assessment and intervention process. Measuring behavior is important, because it allows therapists to: determine if behavioral services are essential. identify which challenging behavior should be targeted first. identify which environmental events influence target…

ABC Model

What Is The ABC Model?

Behavior analysts believe that behaviors are shaped by our environment. The likelihood that a behavior will increase or decrease depends on the events that happen right before or right after a target behavior. We observe what occurs in a person’s environment — antecedents, behaviors, and consequences — to identify environmental…

Checklist

What Are Functional Behavioral Assessments?

Behavior analysts believe that all behaviors serve a purpose — even challenging behaviors (e.g., yelling, wandering, aggression). Just like appropriate behaviors (e.g., asking for an activity) can get us things we want and can get us out of things we do not want (e.g., asking to leave an aversive situation),…

time in therapy

How Much Time Is Needed For ABA Therapy?

Everyone’s behavior changes at a different rate. However, the more often ABA therapy is used by family or staff members outside of scheduled visits, the quicker behavior will change. The ABA therapist will only visit once or twice a week. Intensive programs may involve up to five or ten hours…

staff training

What Does Staff Training In ABA Therapy Involve?

ABA therapy is a comprehensive program of services — it is not a “one size fits all approach,” nor is it a “canned” set of programs. We teach caregivers how to respond to challenging behaviors and how to modify tasks to encourage appropriate behaviors in individuals with dementia, but all…

what does therapy involve

What Does In-Home ABA Therapy Involve?

ABA therapy is a comprehensive program of services — it is not a “one size fits all approach,” nor is it a “canned” set of programs. Therapy is customized to an individual’s needs, skills, and preferences, as well as to the family’s situation and goals of care. Therefore, a therapy…

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