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How To Make Your Own Picture Communication Cards

Anyone can make picture cards. All you need is a word processing or presentation program, the Internet, and a printer. First, make a list of picture cards needed for clients/loved ones. Then, search online for images that best represent those activities or items. Cut and paste those images into a…

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Picture Card Communication for Individuals With Dementia

As dementia patients decline, their ability to communicate using words decreases. Individuals become aphasic or mute and cannot communicate basic wants. Ineffective ways of communicating leads to challenging behaviors, caregiver depression, and isolated patients. Picture or text reminders are frequently used in cognitive rehabilitation or during reminiscence activities. Pictures can be used…

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From Blog to Blog: Emphasizing Dr. Laird’s Advice to Those With Dementia

I try to keep up with many resources in aging — scholarly journals, news media, and fellow bloggers. This week I ran across a new blog — Dr. Rosemary Laird’s Caregiver Corner. Dr. Laird was the AGS Clinician of the Year in 2013 after establishing a caregiver center, case management…

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Journal Club: Behavior Analytic Research In Dementia

Introduction Authors open with a description of dementia, including diagnostic criteria, prevalence rates, and symptoms. [For an update on dementia, visit here.] Trahan et al. explain how the medical model emphases pharmacological interventions, which have adverse side effects (e.g., stoke, delirium, increased risk of falls, mortality), whereas the behavior analytic…

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How To Measure Target Behaviors?

There are several ways to measure target behaviors. Behavior analysts will choose the simplest strategy for caregivers to use and focus on measures that will produce the best information. Here are the most common measurement strategies behavior analysts ask caregivers to use: Frequency: Behavior analysts may ask caregivers to count…

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When And Where To Measure Target Behaviors?

Persons who spend the most time with individuals exhibiting target behaviors typically collect the data. This usually includes caregivers, nurses, aides, or family members. Behavior analysts will collect data and measure behaviors during weekly sessions. It is important to record the target behavior immediately after it occurs. Most behavior analysts…

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Why Data Collection Is Important

Collecting information on the target behavior (what we want to change) is an essential part of the assessment and intervention process. Measuring behavior is important, because it allows therapists to: determine if behavioral services are essential. identify which challenging behavior should be targeted first. identify which environmental events influence target…

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What Is The ABC Model?

Behavior analysts believe that behaviors are shaped by our environment. The likelihood that a behavior will increase or decrease depends on the events that happen right before or right after a target behavior. We observe what occurs in a person’s environment — antecedents, behaviors, and consequences — to identify environmental…

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What Does Staff Training In ABA Therapy Involve?

ABA therapy is a comprehensive program of services — it is not a “one size fits all approach,” nor is it a “canned” set of programs. We teach caregivers how to respond to challenging behaviors and how to modify tasks to encourage appropriate behaviors in individuals with dementia, but all…

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What Does In-Home ABA Therapy Involve?

ABA therapy is a comprehensive program of services — it is not a “one size fits all approach,” nor is it a “canned” set of programs. Therapy is customized to an individual’s needs, skills, and preferences, as well as to the family’s situation and goals of care. Therefore, a therapy…

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