Appropriate behaviors

What Is Differential Reinforcement?

Differential reinforcement is an intervention whereby behavior X receives consequence X and behavior Y receives consequence Y. Often, behavior x is the target behavior (the behavior we want to decrease) and behavior y is the appropriate behavior (the behavior we want to increase).  The behaviors we want to decrease or increase…

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Journal Club: “Just Make It Stop”

An 89-year-old woman diagnosed with severe vascular dementia cried excessively on van rides home from her adult day center. Authors used a differential reinforcement procedure to decrease levels of crying to zero or near zero levels. Day center staff, however, were not actively involved in application of the intervention. Warning signs…

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Journal Club: Behavior Analytic Research In Dementia

Introduction Authors open with a description of dementia, including diagnostic criteria, prevalence rates, and symptoms. [For an update on dementia, visit here.] Trahan et al. explain how the medical model emphases pharmacological interventions, which have adverse side effects (e.g., stoke, delirium, increased risk of falls, mortality), whereas the behavior analytic…

Data 3

Why Data Collection Is Important

Collecting information on the target behavior (what we want to change) is an essential part of the assessment and intervention process. Measuring behavior is important, because it allows therapists to: determine if behavioral services are essential. identify which challenging behavior should be targeted first. identify which environmental events influence target…

ABC Model

What Is The ABC Model?

Behavior analysts believe that behaviors are shaped by our environment. The likelihood that a behavior will increase or decrease depends on the events that happen right before or right after a target behavior. We observe what occurs in a person’s environment — antecedents, behaviors, and consequences — to identify environmental…

Checklist

What Are Functional Behavioral Assessments?

Behavior analysts believe that all behaviors serve a purpose — even challenging behaviors (e.g., yelling, wandering, aggression). Just like appropriate behaviors (e.g., asking for an activity) can get us things we want and can get us out of things we do not want (e.g., asking to leave an aversive situation),…

Path to 2025

The Path To 2025

Nearly 10,000 baby boomers turn 65 every day. It is estimated that by the time these individuals reach age 85, one in every two will develop dementia. This will drastically change the way older adults spend their golden years and poses a serious impact to our economy and healthcare industry….

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Who Provides ABA Therapy?

Board Certified Behavior Analysts (BCBAs) are the best providers of ABA therapy. Just like medical issues are assessed and treated by qualified medical professionals, behavioral issues should be assessed and intervened upon by a qualified behavior specialist. Always check the credentials of those who claim to be ABA therapists. Choose…

Evidence of ABA in Dementia Care

Evidence Of ABA Therapy In Dementia Care

A number of studies have demonstrated that ABA therapy can produce improvements in communication, social and activity engagement, self-care, ambulation, as well as decrease challenging behaviors like wandering, disruptive vocalizations, and aggression. In fact, one of the largest nationally-funded research programs to train caregivers how to manage challenging behaviors was…

Decreasing Behavior (yellow & purple)

What Is Applied Behavior Analysis?

Behavior analysis is the science of identifying the relationship(s) between biology, the environment, and behavior. Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is a branch of behavior analysis that focuses on changing meaningful, “real-world” behavior. Scientists and clinicians who work in the field of ABA address the behavioral needs (e.g., aggression, disruptions) of…

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