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How To Make Your Own Picture Communication Cards

Anyone can make picture cards. All you need is a word processing or presentation program, the Internet, and a printer. First, make a list of picture cards needed for clients/loved ones. Then, search online for images that best represent those activities or items. Cut and paste those images into a…

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Picture Card Communication for Individuals With Dementia

As dementia patients decline, their ability to communicate using words decreases. Individuals become aphasic or mute and cannot communicate basic wants. Ineffective ways of communicating leads to challenging behaviors, caregiver depression, and isolated patients. Picture or text reminders are frequently used in cognitive rehabilitation or during reminiscence activities. Pictures can be used…

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From Blog to Blog: The Importance of Age Appropriate Activities

Activity engagement is a vital part of maintaining or increasing quality of life for individuals with dementia. In fact, researchers recommend that it be part of daily routines, alongside exercise and proper nutrition. Activities can increase happiness and boost affect, while decrease agitation and boredom. All too often, I find that…

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Journal Club: Behavior Analytic Research In Dementia

Introduction Authors open with a description of dementia, including diagnostic criteria, prevalence rates, and symptoms. [For an update on dementia, visit here.] Trahan et al. explain how the medical model emphases pharmacological interventions, which have adverse side effects (e.g., stoke, delirium, increased risk of falls, mortality), whereas the behavior analytic…

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How To Measure Target Behaviors?

There are several ways to measure target behaviors. Behavior analysts will choose the simplest strategy for caregivers to use and focus on measures that will produce the best information. Here are the most common measurement strategies behavior analysts ask caregivers to use: Frequency: Behavior analysts may ask caregivers to count…

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When And Where To Measure Target Behaviors?

Persons who spend the most time with individuals exhibiting target behaviors typically collect the data. This usually includes caregivers, nurses, aides, or family members. Behavior analysts will collect data and measure behaviors during weekly sessions. It is important to record the target behavior immediately after it occurs. Most behavior analysts…

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Why Data Collection Is Important

Collecting information on the target behavior (what we want to change) is an essential part of the assessment and intervention process. Measuring behavior is important, because it allows therapists to: determine if behavioral services are essential. identify which challenging behavior should be targeted first. identify which environmental events influence target…

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What Does In-Home ABA Therapy Involve?

ABA therapy is a comprehensive program of services — it is not a “one size fits all approach,” nor is it a “canned” set of programs. Therapy is customized to an individual’s needs, skills, and preferences, as well as to the family’s situation and goals of care. Therefore, a therapy…

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What Types Of Appropriate Behaviors Can ABA Therapy Increase?

In order to effectively decrease challenging behaviors, we also need to simultaneously increase appropriate behaviors. Often, older adults with dementia are alone with nothing to do or have lost the cognitive and/or physical abilities to do the things they used to do. Sometimes this lack of activity increases the probability…

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Challenging Behaviors ABA Therapy Can Decrease

Nearly all individuals diagnosed with dementia will display a challenging behavior at some point during their illness. These are stressful and sometimes scary problems to witness. Challenging behaviors may occur in clusters or change in frequency and/or intensity throughout the progression of dementia. Challenging behaviors to decrease may include: Agitation,…

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